Learning The Basics of Derivatives Trading

Derivative offers flexibility among traders because you can pick the type of underlying asset that you can trade. The underlying assets are often equity, index, currencies, commodities, bonds, etc. Derivative products were developed initially as hedging instruments against fluctuations in commodity prices. Derivatives were first introduced in 1970 due to the market’s instability. Investors are grouped according to their investments.

Derivatives trading is a type of trading instrument and also hedging. As it also uses margin for trading, derivatives are considered as a good leverage product offering the best quality that ultimately provides the rise of speculation.

Different Types of Derivative

Futures Trading

Future trading provides the right in buying and selling a particular amount of an underlying asset on a specific date. Some of the features of Futures trading include mark-to-market gain/loss that is adjusted daily, positions that are squared at the end of the trading day, and initial margin required upon opening of an account, and it is based on the SPAN margin exposure.

Options Trading

This derivative provides the right to buy and sell without obligation and sorts. When the buyer purchases the premium, he will have the chance to use the option and buy or sell the asset.

Forex Derivatives

As you have known, the Forex market is the most liquid financial market in the world. But not all traders are lucky enough to benefit or obtain gains in Forex trading. That is why they are given several instruments that they can take advantage of and use as an underlying asset.

Different Types of Forex Derivatives

These derivatives derive their value from Forex rates – Spot trade, Currency Futures, Currency Interest Rate Swaps, Currency Options, Forwards, and Currency Exchange Traded Funds. Using these derivatives, you can take on positions related to Forex either in combination or their own.

Moreover, a strategic combination is used to employ the derivatives mentioned above in order to spot a perfect Forex position which lends a hand to Forex traders to maximize their profits and adjust the entire risk profile.

Market to Market in Futures

It necessarily adjusts the overall trading account which is a necessity when there are price changes.


It is a strategy that minimizes the risks innate to investment.


It is a strategy that aims to make a profit over a short period of time accompanied by price fluctuations.

Benefits of Derivatives

There are four disadvantages of derivatives trading. These are leverage, hedging, potential return, and longer position-taking.

Hedging –provides great help in safeguarding price uncertainties in the future. There is no guarantee in the financial market. The trading strategy that you’ve been trusting for so long could fail you unexpectedly. With the use of hedging, you can get better protection against future price uncertainties.

Leverage – margins that need to be met in derivatives are very low. This is helpful in providing good trading exposure.

Potential Return – no matter the market condition, a trader will definitely make money.

Longer position taking – it provides leverage of 3 months compared to other 1-3 days which is the maximum time frame of other margin products.

Tom Clark is a renowned author, who has been writing journals, blogs, and articles on varied topics for the last eight years. The best thing about him is that when it comes to writing, he is not confined to any particular subject matter. It is his extensive knowledge on diverse notions that allows him to publish write-ups on almost every theme available.